New Rome: Constantinople 324AD
- Founded as Roman Capital in the East by Constantine.
- Viable defendable capital.
- Walls 30 feet above and under ground.
- Best part of the Empire fo’sho!
- Everything of old Rome, Constantinople emulates too!
- (Grain Dole- Free food for Urban poor)
Barbarian Vs. Roman (Because we all saw this coming)
- Generals- Barbarian. Barbarians have the army (Because that’s what happens when they are your soldiers), use puppets.
- Stilicho (c. 359-408) vs. Aetius (c. 396-454)
- Stilicho tells Honorius what to do.
- So we don’t need Roman Emperor…
- Stilicho’s father is barbarian, mother is Roman.
- False Idea- Barbs taking over. Wanted citizenship.
- 455- Vandals sacked Rome. “Vandalism”.
- Bishop= Elite ministrator. Bishop would negotiate with Huns and Vandals.
- Settle an issue, another issue comes up!
- Ecumenical Council, all Bishops of world get together and argue until they can agree. Establishes correct belief.
- But can be overturned by later Councils so a lot of good that did…
- If Jesus is equal to god, is he human? Christiological; about Christ’s Nature.
- Nestorius, doesn’t like calling Mary “Mother of God”.
- One Nature believers; Monophysites
- Two Nature believers; Duophysites
- God dammit…COUNCIL CALLED!
*Council of Chalcedon*
An Ecumenical council summoned to determine Christ’s nature. One or two? 5th century, Late Roman Empire. 451AD.
WHY it is important:
- We believe Jesus has two natures.
- Monophysites DO NOT ACCEPT THIS CRAZY TALK. (Egypt and Syria; Eastern)
- EAST VS WEST. Soon to be Catholics vs Orthodox!
- Patriarchies. City where Bishop is given higher authority than others.
- Rome (WEST)
- Constantinople (EAST)
- Jerusalem (EAST)
- Antioch (EAST)
- Alexandria (EAST)
- …See what is happening here?
The Henoticon (482)
- Crap! Can’t piss off Egypt, they feed us. = Statement of Faith to make Monophysites happy without overturning council decision.
- Acacius (Constantinople Bishop) gives this statement to Patriarchs. Rome Bishop gives resounding GTFO in the form of EXCOMMUNICATION.
- Acacian Schism. 483.
- LOL shunned. West and East.