The Dominate =”Late Empire”
a) 284AD- Diocletian “Dominus” =Lord and Master (Make status sacred because that’s never been done before ever…)
-Army (In the business of “Emperor Making”. Also not big enough to do the job. That’s what she said.)
-Economy and Urban Decline (INFLATION! Moved out of cities due to epidemics and high inflation)
-Augusti and Caesars. Appoints co-ruler. Establishes the Tetrarchy. (Rule by 4.)
-2 Senior Emperors (East and West)
-Emperor didn’t live in Rome
-Also a “Caesar” or junior partner in East and West.
-Was trying to stabilize by putting Emperor in trouble spots
-Augustus would step down after 20 years and the Caesar would be promoted.
- Soooooo did it work?
b) 284-5th century. Emperor in East and West.
- Comitatus and Mercenaries
-Cavalry Unit! Instead of foot soldiers, make forts and send our cavalry when there is trouble!
-Hire Mercenaries! Why not have barbarians fighting barbarians? Doesn’t this sound like the most spectacular idea ever? /sarcasm.
-Army becomes barbarian! Whoohoo! Offer status and citizenship to join! That’ll keep the barbarians out of Rome! …er…wait.
- Tax Reformation
-Caput (head); That’s right! A Head tax! Pay it in coin, beetches.
-Iugum (Land tax); taxed by how much your land could produce. A “Tax in kind”
-These were all designed to pay the army…the barbarian army. Will contribute to decline of cities, without Army consumers–demand falls; economy falls.